State officials have announced a six-step action plan to combat potential transmission of the Zika virus in communities across New York State, where 49 cases of the virus have been documented so far.
“We expect that number to go up,” Gov. Andrew Cuomo said at a press conference in New York City yesterday. “How high? We don’t know, but from a public health point of view we want to be prepared, we want to be ahead of it and we want to be taking aggressive action to make sure that we are doing everything we can to combat the possible spread of the Zika virus,” he said.
Zika is a serious health concern, Cuomo said. The primary concern is for pregnant women and possible birth defects in the fetus, but people infected by the virus have also experienced paralysis and it is also believed to have caused some deaths, Cuomo said.
The state’s plan “targets the virus at its source,” with enhanced trapping and testing of Aedes mosquitoes throughout the entire downstate region, the governor said.
Key components of the plan include distributing larvicide tablets to residents in the potentially Zika affected area, providing Zika protection kits to pregnant women, launching a statewide public awareness campaign, and assembling a rapid response team in the event of confirmed infection by an Aedes mosquito.
The Zika virus is spread through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito and the virus may also be transmitted sexually, state health commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker said.
“The symptoms of a person with Zika virus include fever, a rash, joint pain, red eyes and occasionally they’ll have some muscle pain and headaches. However, it is important to note that 80 percent of people who are infected actually exhibit no symptoms at all,” Zucker said.
“The main danger of the Zika virus is a birth defect which is known as microcephaly in the fetuses of women who are infected while they are pregnant. Zika may also cause a rare disorder which is called Guillain Barré Syndrome which can cause temporary paralysis and even death unfortunately in some cases,” Zucker said.
Six-step Zika action plan
1. Eliminate Zika at its source
To eliminate mosquito breeding sites, the state will distribute 100,000 larvicide tablets throughout the target region. Local municipalities, residents and business owners will be challenged to host clean-up days that effectively eliminate standing water. Residents can request tablets by calling 1-888-364-4723. One larvicide tablet lasts two to three months.
Aedes mosquitoes breed in containers with clean water. New Yorkers are encouraged to do their part by distributing larvicide tablets in permanent places of standing water, such as flower pots, and removing sources of standing water of all sizes, such as old tires, children’s toys, plastic containers and even clogged gutters – especially after it rains.
2. Aggressively monitor the Aedes mosquito with trapping and testing
The state will aggressively monitor the mosquito population by deploying special mosquito traps to collect and test mosquitoes across the region to identify and respond to potential Zika transmission. The state will deploy traps in 1,000 locations per month.
Wadsworth Laboratory – already a national leader in Zika testing – will expand its testing capacity to accommodate the additional trapping. The State Department of Health will test 60,000 Aedes mosquitos per month at Wadsworth in Albany.
3. Provide free Zika protection kits to pregnant women
The state will distribute free Zika protection kits to pregnant women in the target region. The Zika protection kits contain educational materials, insect repellent, condoms and larvicide tablets to treat standing water. A total 20,000 kits will initially be distributed to healthcare providers throughout the region. A photo of a Zika protection kit is available here.
The Zika protection kits complement the state’s offering of free Zika testing to all pregnant women who recently traveled to a country with active Zika transmission or have had unprotected sex with a partner who recently traveled to or resides in a country with active Zika transmission. Men who recently traveled or reside in an area with active Zika transmission and have a pregnant partner should use condoms consistently and correctly or abstain from sex throughout the pregnancy.
The State Department of Health continues to offer webinars for health care providers on the Zika virus and the care of pregnant women with possible exposure to Zika. Based on current information, infection with Zika at any point in the pregnancy could place the developing fetus at risk. The effect of Zika exposure at different stages of pregnancy on birth defects is not known.
4. Deploy rapid response teams wherever local transmission is confirmed
The state will deploy rapid response teams wherever a case of Zika transmission by an Aedes mosquito is confirmed. The rapid response team will be composed of officials from the State Department of Health, Department of Environmental Conservation, and the Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Services Office of Emergency Management to inspect surrounding areas, perform additional treatment and develop a local action plan.
5. Issue emergency regulations requiring local Zika control plans upon Zika confirmation
The Commissioner of DOH will issue emergency regulations requiring all local health departments to submit Zika action plans with updated protocols for trapping, testing and control.
6. Launch aggressive public awareness campaign
A major public awareness campaign will be targeted to New Yorkers across the state, as well as international travelers from Zika-affected areas.
The public awareness campaign includes:
Multi-lingual posters, brochures and fact sheets to educate travelers about Zika;
The Zika Information Helpline: 1-888-364-4723; and
A website dedicated to the Zika Virus: http://ny.gov/Zika.
To ensure travelers take the necessary precautions to protect themselves against Zika, the state will work with airports in the target region and across New York State to disseminate print materials and broadcast public service announcements to passengers.
Protect yourself from mosquito bites
Mosquito bites have the potential to transmit diseases, such as West Nile Virus.
When going outside, you should protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites by covering up with sleeves and shirts and by using an EPA-registered mosquito repellent.
If you have traveled to a country where Zika is being transmitted and begin to experience symptoms, you should consult your healthcare provider to obtain testing for the Zika virus.
There are 70 different species of mosquitoes in New York State. The Aedes albopictus mosquito makes up just 3 to 5 percent of them.
The Aedes mosquitos have distinct behaviors: They lay eggs in standing water. They live in populated areas. They’re considered aggressive biters. They’re active primarily during the daytime.
Source: March 17, 2016 press release and press conference transcript from the office of Gov. Andrew Cuomo
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